Friday, 2 November 2012
This is a series that will appear on the Frivolous Friday slot for the next little while, in bi-weekly increments ( or fortnightly if you are from Britain). Although it is very basic grammar, most of it I learned while in junior high school.... now called middle school and the presentation reflects that age group.
I am not a teacher, not do I have any idea what is or is not taught in the system today. It is just an idea that presented itself when I came across a grammar text ( see Oct.5/12) that was used in the schools "in my day". I am hoping to refresh my memory and maybe even relearn a few things, but mostly I am going to make the effort to keep it, light, informative and above all, fun and humorous. Hope you enjoy.
Grammar is Important
# 2 of a series
In the first installment of the series, nouns were discussed, along with the "groupies" or "wanna-be"nouns! These words formed the Subject of a sentence. The words that describe what the subject does are referred to as action words, or verbs, and form the Predicate of a sentence.
Two words...I am... is a complete sentence. "I" is a pronoun and the subject of the verb "am".( first person singular of the verb "to be") "am" is the predicate. FYI... verbs are usually referred to in their infinitive form. Examples " to read, to sleep, ( hey, that happens some time!) to imagine, or in the case of the verb am, the infinitive is "to be"...
I realize that this is, as I stated previously, very basic, but a necessary foundation.
Conjugation of Verbs
The change in the form of a verb to show a change in time is called tense.
When we give the tense forms of a verb with the first, second, and third person pronouns, we conjugate the verb.
As an example let's use the verb "know"
Present Tense Past Tense
singular plural singular plural
1st person I know we know I knew we knew
2nd person you know you know you knew you knew
3rd person he knows they know he knew they knew
So, now you see how this goes....
Future Tense is pretty much the same with the following changes. First person singular and plural use the word "shall' instead of "will"
I shall be we shall be
you will be you will be
he will be they will be
Before I lose you entirely and you go hopping off to some other blog with tasty recipes, just check this next one out and I will hop along with you ...... :-)
When a verb indicates an action which has been completed in a time very close to the present, and the auxiliaries "have and "has" are used with the principal verb it is called the Present Perfect Tense.
Similarly, there is a Past Perfect and Future Perfect Tense.
Present Perfect Past Perfect
I have seen I had seen
you have seen you had seen
he had seen he had seen
I shall have seen
you will have seen
he will have seen
Present, Past or Future, you won't be tense in this restful setting. It is part of beautiful Rockwood Park where I have enjoyed many Nature Trails.
Grammar is Important A basic course for Canadian Schools by A.W. McGuire,B.A. This particular edition was first published in Canada in 1949, and in the U.S. in 1950. The eighth edition ( the one pictured above) was published in 1957.